the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
The artist has multiplied an image of Jews captured during the Warsaw
Ghetto Uprising and shown lined up with their faces against the Ghetto
wall. The enormity of their helplessness after their valiant attempt
to resist Nazi capture is evident in this painting.
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
1940, the Germans had established a ghetto in Warsaw. They sealed off a designated
area behind a ten-foot wall topped with barbed wire and closely guarded by
German and auxiliary armed forces. Living conditions inside the ghetto soon
became appalling, with shortages of food and deteriorating facilities for
hygiene. In 1941, before deportations began, the death rate was more than
one in every ten ghetto residents.
and September of 1942, approximately 300,000 Jews were transported from the
Warsaw Ghetto to Treblinka for extermination. Only 55,000 remained in the
ghetto. But a determination to resist grew among this remainder, and a newly
formed group, the Jewish Fighting Organization, slowly took control of the
Ghetto Uprising started on April 19, 1943, and continued until the final
liquidation of the ghetto on May 16. This Jewish uprising was the largest
and most important in German-occupied Europe. The Jews fought in the buildings
and streets. The unequal battles were costly to the poorly armed Jewish combatantsmost
were killed. Ultimately, the Warsaw Ghetto lay in ruins and the surviving
Jews were transported to the death camps.